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Different Types of Coldwater Fish Breeds

Coldwater fish breeds are those which can be kept in a cooler water environment - usually small tanks. These fish breeds are easier and less expensive to maintain compared to tropical fish species, but are equally interesting and attractive. Five fish breeds are considered the most popular for coldwater tanks- goldfish, koi, barbs, bloodfin tetra, and Buenos Aires Tetra.

Introduction

Coldwater fish breeds are those which can be kept in a cooler water environment - usually small tanks. These fish breeds are easier and less expensive to maintain compared to tropical fish species, but are equally interesting and attractive. Five fish breeds are considered the most popular for coldwater tanks- goldfish, koi, barbs, bloodfin tetra, and Buenos Aires Tetra.

Goldfish

One of the earliest fish breeds to be grown in ponds, the goldfish traces its roots to the Crucian carp and has been bred for many years in China. The goldfish did not reach Western soil until it was brought to Portugal in 1611. There are numerous variations of the goldfish such as the Shubunkin breed which was developed by the Japanese. The Shubunkin goldfish breed is a cross breed between the Calico Fantail and Comet goldfish and characterized by its bright colors, physical strength and ability to survive in common pond fishes.

Koi

The Koi fish was bred from the carp fish during the 18th century in Japan. Koi is actually the Japanese name for carp. The Koi fish has bright colors like green, blue, white, black, yellow and silver. Koi fishes can grow up to 3 feet in length especially when kept in a large pond. Koi fishes are very sociable. It feeds on tiny fishes, but larger fishes will also eat them so it is not recommended that Koi fishes are kept in a pond with larger fish breeds.

Barbs

Barbs are colorful, small and active fishes predominant in Southeast Asia, although some species types are also found in India and Africa. Most species are commercially bred. Barbs are ideal fishes for beginner aquarists. Like other coldwater fishes, barbs require a lot of space for swimming, and they have a tendency of leaping out of their aquariums so tanks should have tight lids on them. It is also advisable to maintain a group of six Barbs in an aquarium as the fish breed has a tendency of being aggressive when kept in a large tank.

Bloodfin Tetra

The Bloodfin Tetra is an active fish which likes to be around plants like the sagittaria. It loves swimming in spacious tanks. It is a very peaceful fish making it an ideal community fish. The Bloodfin Tetra is also easy to breed aside from being very hardy. The fish requires lots of food and ideally needs to be fed at least three times a day. When properly cared for, the fish can live up to 10 years.

Buenos Aires Tetra

This South American fish has a slender body with silver color and red fins. It loves to be in an aquarium with rocks and artificial plants giving it a place to hide. It eats small foods like micropellet food, bloodworms and daphnia. These are just some of the common coldwater fish breeds neophyte aquarists can keep.

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